Medical industry in Lublin is developing successfully thanks to the potential of the Medical University of Lublin as well as other higher education institutions located in Lublin. The total number of students majoring in health- and social care-related courses taught in the academic year 2019/2020 in six Lublin-based higher education institutions amounted to 9756, most of whom (5698) were students of the Medical University of Lublin. In the academic year 2019/2020 at the Medical Univeristy of Lublin were 1347 international students from 55 countries.
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Facts and numbers
Healthcare services provided in Lublin contribute substantially to economic and scientific development of the City of Lublin and Lublin Province. Lublin is the capital city of the region in terms of the number of entities operating on healthcare and wellness markets. In the City of Lublin alone, according to data provided by Central Statistical Office, there are:
- 50% of professionally active doctors (2628/5239 in 2018)
- 46% of professionally active dentists (390/844 in 2018)
- 32% of pharmacists (594/1854 in 2018)
- 68% of laboratory diagnosticians (407/600 in 2018)
- 19% of public hospitals (9/48 in 2018)
- 26% of medical clinics (325/1261 in 2018)
In 2013 the medical in Lublin was awarded in Regional & Cluster Competitiveness in the Baltic Sea Region report. At the same time, this formerly non-organised cluster took first place in the cross-check of human health subcategories of healthcare clusters from the countries of the Baltic Sea region.
Clinics in Lublin are regional and national centres of reference. There are six national consultants working in Lublin. Each clinic uses unique diagnostic and treatment procedures in the following fields:
- neurosurgery and pediatric child neurosurgery
- angiology and vascular surgery
- general surgery (reference centre of minimally invasive surgery)
- surgical oncology
- haemato-oncology and bone marrow transplant
- cardiac surgery
- radiology and nuclear medicine
The Medical University of Lublin boasts numerous scientific achievements in biochemistry, molecular biology, non-organic chemistry, genetics, pharmacology, surgery, haematology, cardiology, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, orthopaedics, treatment radiology, and pharmacognosy. Research conducted by individual units of the Medical University of Lublin is widely applied in practice. Research programs are commissioned by pharmaceutical and chemical companies . Several organisational units of the university provide services to health protection centres, the judiciary, the prosecution bodies, e.g. histopathologic examinations, expert reports for court, or genetic code analyses.
Maria Curie-Skłodowska University in Lublin is the largest public university in Eastern Poland. It conducts research-involving development of new anti-cancer, anti-bacterial, anti-fungi, and anti-viral substances. Moreover, scientific work carried out by the university aims at increasing effectiveness of biologically active substances, which could be applied as treatment or wellness substances after extending their scope of use, e.g. in the form of medicinal or wellness products, new carriers, targeted vaccinations, or protein hybrids. Additionally, the university also conducts metabolome and transcryptome analyses.
University of Life Sciences in Lublin is the oldest technical and life sciences university in post-war Poland. University carries out researche in the following fields: product quality, nutrition quality, producing and processing healthy food, quality and safety of products of animal and plant origin, growing herbs that have medicinal properties, herbal treatment, hortitherapy, and veterinary medicine.
Scientific research on medicine is conducted also in Institute of Rural Medicine of Witold Chodzko. The Institute offers wide range of research services and is involved in broad scientific cooperation with foreign scientific research centers.
The history of medicine in Lublin dates back to 1317, when Lublin was granted municipal rights. The first hospital in the city, Holy Spirit Hospital, which was founded and endowed together with a nursing home, was opened in 1342 and operated until 1856. Medicine developed further in the first half of the 19th century and its evolution involved opening hospitals managed by civil administration , lay people and doctors with university degrees. In 1874, three doctors from Lublin established Lublin Medical Association, which has had a considerable standing among doctors, and boasts considerable scientific, social and medical, as well as cultural and teaching achievements. Development of pharmaceutics is closely related to medicine. The oldest mention of pharmaceutics in Lublin dates back to the 14th and 15th centuries. In the 18th century, Teodor Franciszek Gretz-Gruell (1749-1814), a doctor and pharmacist, was president of the City of Lublin.
Achievements of numerous outstanding doctors and scientists resulted in the development of medical schools in Lublin. Specialists from Lublin, working in numerous medical fields, are well-known around the world. They are:
- Neurosurgery and neuroradiology: Prof. Tomasz Trojanowski
- Ophthalmology: Prof. Tadeusz Krwawicz
- Surgery: Prof. Feliks Skubiszewski
- Cardiology: Prof. Mieczysław Kędra
- Orthopaedics: Prof. Stanisław Piątkowski
- Dentistry: Prof. Józef Jarząb
- Pharmacology: Prof. Zdzisław Kleinrok
- Anatomy: Prof. Mieczysław Stelmasiak
- Chromatography: Prof. Andrzej Waksmundzki and Edward Soczewiński
- Biochemistry: Prof. Janina Opieńska-Blauth